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The U.S. Treasury Department requires us to advise you that this written advice is not intended or written by Avicenna Scientific, LLC to be used, and cannot be used by any taxpayer, for the purpose of avoiding any penalties that may be imposed under the Internal Revenue Code. Written advice from Avicenna Scientific relating to Federal tax matters may not, without our express written consent, be used in promoting, marketing or recommending any entity, investment plan or arrangement to any taxpayer, other than the recipient of the written advice.